Fighting Unconscious Bias in Your Workplace
Author Name: TrainingABC
Posted: 07-26-2021 05:06 AM
Synopsis: Unconscious bias accounts for employee turnover and loss of employee morale. Learn how to prevent it in your workplace.
Unconscious biases are stereotypes, beliefs and prejudices against certain categories of people that have formed subconsciously. Often these biases are counter to conscious attitudes and beliefs and completely unknown to the person who carries them. Unconscious bias can cause talented employees to leave costing employers billions of dollars in turnover each year. Unconscious bias taints employment actions such as hiring, promotions, bonuses and job assignments reducing profitability and sabotaging the brand of the company.
How is Unconscious Bias Formed
Unconscious bias is automatic and unintentional, created from deeply ingrained stereotypes that are universal and able to influence behavior. It’s shaped by the media and our life experiences, changing how we see the world. The mind is exposed to 11 million pieces of information every second, but the brain can functionally deal with only 40. Therefore, the mind creates shortcuts and categories to simplify decision making. These categories can include race, gender, appearance, age, wealth and countless other demographics.
There are several major ways that unconscious bias can creep into the workplace and influence employment decisions.
- The Affinity Bias occurs when managers see themselves in others and favor them because of this.
- The Similarity Bias exists when managers favor people with similar backgrounds to themselves such as by alma mater.
- Confirmation bias happens when information to confirm a belief or decision is accepted and contrary information is overlooked.
- The Halo Effect occurs when someone who thinks highly of an individual in one way, regards the person favorably in several other ways as a result.
- The Horn Effect occurs when someone applies negative qualities or judgment to a person based on a single known quality.
Micro-affirmations are tiny acts of opportunity, gestures of inclusion and caring that signal bias to chosen employees based on their backgrounds. If any of these biases affect employment decisions, it can be devastating to an organization.
Here are some common strategies to combat bias:
- A company’s executives ignore great ideas from women while embracing the same ideas when they’re presented by men.
- An employer gives promotions to men over women simply because their gender. Only 5% of U.S. Fortune 500 CEOs are women.
- A company interviews candidates with traditionally white names 50% more frequently than those with traditionally African American names despite their resumes showing substantially equal skill.
- An organization gives an overweight employee lower performance evaluation ratings than his colleagues despite having similar performance statistics.
- A company promotes tall employees based on height alone. Less than 15% of U.S. males are six feet or taller while 60% of U.S. CEOs are over six feet tall.
- An employer assumes older employees to be less technologically advanced than their co-workers simply because of age.
- An organization asks African American employees to attend fewer recruiting or community related events than their white colleagues.
- A company’s employees tell jokes using racial stereotypes and insults, such as an employee of Arab descent being compared to a terrorist.
How to Combat Unconscious Bias
Combating unconscious bias starts with a thorough review of all the employment processes where hidden bias is found. Bias is often discovered in the screening of resumes, interviewing, onboarding, mentoring programs, the assignment process, performance evaluations, promotions and terminations.
Some of the most common strategies to uncover and combat bias include:
- Place job ads with wording that appeals equally to men and women and does not favor one ethnicity or group of people over another.
- Launch a resume study to see if resumes with equivalent education, skill, and experience are weighed equally. In this study, examine resumes with names common to a particular race or by gender to see if they’ve been judged fairly.
- Standardize the interview process to avoid hiring candidates based on biases.
- Form focus groups to discuss fairness and inclusivity within your organization.
- Encourage minorities, women, veterans and those with disabilities to apply for positions for which they’re qualified.
- Use speakers, stories, posters, and pictures with stereotype-busting themes to combat hidden bias.
- Have employees take Harvard’s free Implicit Association Test to see which individual perceptions may govern unconscious biases.
- Conduct anonymous employee surveys company-wide to understand what hidden bias and unfairness exists in specific departments and locations.
- Conduct anonymous surveys with former employees to understand what issues they faced, and what steps could be taken for them to consider returning.
- Offer training tailored to the survey results of current and former employees.
- Offer an anonymous, third party complaint channel to discuss behaviors that employees feel are unjust.
- Support and promote involvement in non-profit organizations that promote diversity and reward employees who volunteer with these groups.
Consequences of Bias
Companies with unconscious bias can suffer large financial losses from recruitment and training costs related to employee turnover. The Society for Human Resource Management predicts that every time a business replaces a salaried employee, it costs an average of 6 to 9 months’ salary.
Additionally, replacement workers may take one to two years to reach the production level of an existing employee. Employers lose revenue when they lack diverse thought and innovative perspectives. Unconscious bias leads to mistrust, disengagement, lowered employee morale and an increased likelihood of talented people leaving the organization. Recruiting efforts are damaged and companies are forced to hire from a smaller pool of talent.
Employees who were treated unfairly say their experience strongly discouraged them from recommending their employer to other potential employees. Because the majority of mid to high-level placements in an organization are made by referral, the similarity bias can create a compounding, regressive effect on a company’s diversity.
The costs of unconscious bias are high. From losing highly valued employees to eroding company morale, an organization can absorb great financial loss. Because these biases take root in the subconscious, companies must make conscious efforts to minimize their effect. Ignoring this task can lead to poor decisions, diminished earnings and unsatisfied employees. Taking steps to fight unconscious bias can increase retention and generate greater productivity. In the process your organization will become a much more fair and equitable place to work.
TrainingABC has a brand new video based training course on unconscious bias. Check it out here.